Manual Sex and the City: Recife, Brazil 1996

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A Different Kind of Tourist.

Helping a Society to No Longer Accept Sex With Kids -

Vasconcelos said. Elsewhere in Brazil, above all in Rio de Janeiro and Salvador, or Bahia, the women's concern is borne out by travel agents and hotel operators, who say that in the last few years Brazil has attracted a ''different'' crowd of male tourists who seem drawn by the promise that fleshpots are within anyone's easy reach. At the center of this attitude toward the country, Brazilians agree, is Rio de Janeiro, which has long polished its image as a freewheeling, hedonistic creature that reaches its zenith at carnival, when tens of thousands of people in tiny, shiny garments rock through the streets.

Yet this sensuous appeal is causing increasing concern among health authorities as Brazil is now one of the countries where AIDS appears to be spreading fastest. Officials have said carnival, when large numbers of American homosexuals come to Brazil, is a particular time when AIDS enters the country. Last year, officials considered canceling the American charter flights, many of whose passengers come to attend Brazil's special parades and dances for homosexuals. Preparing for Carnival.

Gender Role Beliefs at Sexual Debut: Qualitative Evidence from Two Brazilian Cities

This month, as carnival approaches, the Ministry of Health has issued , multilingual pamphlets to be distributed to arriving passengers and at hotels. The pamplets warn about the risks of transmitting or contracting acquired immune deficiency syndrome, urge people to use condoms and advise against ''casual or multiple sexual relations. In Rio as well as here in Recife, residents have protested in vain against the growing nightly parade of women and transvestites, trailed by pimps and pickpockets, who work the seafront boulevards near the large hotels.

But a more telling mark of the tourists' nocturnal sprees is the proliferation in several Brazilian cities of squalid cabarets and a range of new ''spas'' that sometimes occupy entire buildings and advertise with such phrases as ''we have 60 beautiful receptionists. Officials of Embratur, the national tourist office, deny that they use sexual messages in promoting tourism. Yet women's groups pointed out that the current issue of the entertainment guide Rio This Month, which is distributed through Embratur, carries prominent advertisements for 29 establishments of male and female prostitution.

However, reverse causality is unlikely since social mobility because of personal behaviour could not be considered with subjects at such a young age. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Get Access Get Access.

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Publisher Summary This chapter explores the associations between social class, binge drinking, and other risk behaviors among Brazilian young people. For their new lives, the Silvas can thank a distant bureaucracy: the ministry of cities. Or at least, they could have thanked the ministry until January this year, when the new president, Jair Bolsonaro , closed it down, ending 15 remarkable but highly contentious years.

It was a quiet end to a project that was opened in to great fanfare.

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Replacing the separation of city planning into different silos, the ministry was in charge of all things urban: housing, transport, sanitation and planning. It was a first-of-its-kind innovation in public policy for tackling cities writ large. The honeymoon, however, was short-lived. As huge amounts of federal money poured into housing, the ministry found itself overwhelmed, struggling to exert any power over quality.

The result was often shoddy housing estates and more urban sprawl than ever before. The country needed an estimated 7 million units, and nearly a fifth of the population lived in inadequate housing — families crammed into hillside favelas at risk of landslides, degraded tenements in big cities, or illegally subdivided lots lacking basic water and sewer connections, often located far from any jobs.

On top of the housing shortage, navigating Brazilian cities ranged from infuriating to nightmarish. The smaller cities, such as Belo Horizonte, Porto Alegre and Fortaleza — which still clock in at more than a million people — relied almost exclusively on buses.

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Untangling the knot of Brazilian cities, where up to half of the urban population lives in self-built housing or illegal subdivisions, needed all hands on deck. Maricato and the ministry attempted three initiatives: build a lot of new housing, renovate existing housing stock, and upgrade favelas with paved roads, water and sewer hookups, parks, schools, health clinics and other amenities.

Brazilian crack cocaine epidemic

Hundreds of new kilometres of subway and bus rapid transit BRT lines were also part of the equation, although the cities ministry shared that responsibility with other parts of the federal government. In new, massive amounts of money came down the pipe, as the chief of staff and finance ministry authorised huge public spending on construction in a bid to keep Brazil afloat in the global financial crisis, leaving implementation to the cities ministry.

Continental Drift #10: Sex and the City, Recife Style – Recife, Brazil

Some of the money went to rehabilitating existing buildings, typically to benefit homeless people or those paying exorbitant sums to live in shoddy rentals. Many of the new residents had been used to paying up to half their income to rent sparsely furnished, cell-like rooms in tenements, where siblings or a mother and child crammed in together and the bathroom was shared by a dozen strangers. In their new building, the union applied to the government to finance a participatory renovation project through MCMV. As building manager, Silva has faced a steep learning curve.

The cities ministry literally handed over the keys: the residents would own the building, not rent it. The residents get the dream of homeownership, but also the responsibility of maintaining their new condominium complex.